Analyzing the terrorism data in the U.S

9/11 attack on the World trade centre, NY/ The United States
9/11 attack on the World trade center, NY/ The United States.
  1. Which country has the maximum no. of attacks over the years and where the U.S stands.
  2. Total no. of attacks and comparison among neighboring countries (The United States, Mexico, and Canada).
  3. Was there an increase in the number of attacks in the U.S after 2001?
  4. What kind of weapons were used mostly?
  5. How many people were killed per Target type and weapons?

Global Terrorism Dataset

Methods and tools

1. Which country has the maximum no. of attacks over the years and where the U.S stands.

Total no. of attacks by country name over the 49 years

2. Total no. of attacks and comparison among neighboring countries (the United States, Mexico, and Canada).

Total no. of attacks broke down by three countries vs Attack type

3. Was there an increase in the number of attacks and fatalities in the U.S after 2001(9/11)?

The trends of No. of Attacks and Fatalities for Year. The data is filtered on Country Name, which keeps the U.S.

4. What kind of weapons were used mostly?

% of total attacks per weapon type

5. How many people were killed per Target type and weapons?

No. of Fatalities per type of target and weapon
No. of fatalities per Target type

Conclusion

  1. Iraq and Afghanistan suffered the most attacks over the years. The reason might be Iraq is the second-largest crude oil producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) after Saudi Arabia. The USA was at position 14 with 12,783 total no. of attacks.
  2. The majority of attacks happened in the U.S over the years as compared to Canada and Mexico.676 cases of armed assaults were recorded in the U.S(more than the total no. of attacks recorded in Canada).
  3. No. of attacks and fatalities were decreased after the 9/11(2001) attack. Fatalities decreased to 0 from the year 2002 to 2008. Because the FBI was working closely with its sources to destroy the terrorist cells and operatives. Maximum attacks were recorded in the year 2019(i.e. 369) by killing less than 50 people.
  4. 40 % of the incendiary type of weapons used to attacks followed by explosive weapons (38%)out of which 23% were unknown explosives.
  5. The majority of people were killed in attacks when explosives and firearms(handgun, rifle, etc.) were used (due to the legalization of guns in the U.S). Most often, private citizens & property and government buildings/ facilities were the targets of the attacks.

References

  1. Kaggle, “Global terrorism Database”. Retrieved February 10, 2022, from https://www.kaggle.com/START-UMD/gtd.
  2. Global terrorism database. Retrieved February 10, 2022, from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/.
  3. Statistics Canada, “Canada tops G7 growth despite COVID”. Retrieved February 10,2022,from from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/220209/dq220209a-eng.htm.
  4. U.S News, “Power”. Retrieved February 12,2022,from https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/power-rankings

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